Pine Scotch Essential Oil
Botanical Name: Pinus sylvestris
Plant Part: Needles & Twigs
Extraction Method: Steam distilled
Description: This evergreen tree can grow up to 40 meters (130 feet) and has a flat crown. The bark is a reddish-brown that is deeply fissured with needle-like gray-green leaves that grow in pairs, orange-yellow flowers, and pointed brown cones. It is not as readily available as regular pine trees accounting for the price discrepancy.
Color: Colorless to pale yellow
Aroma Strength: Strong
Aromatic Scent: The essential oil has a crisp, fresh, sweet, forest like aroma. It is more resinous and warm smelling than the regular pine oil, with a lower content of turpentines. The main chemical properties of Pine oil are: Sylvestrene, Pinene, Bornyl acetate, Dipentene, Cardinene and Phellandrene.
History: It was used by the Native Americans to prevent scurvy and the needles were used to stuff mattresses and to repel lice and fleas. The ancient Egyptians used the pine kernels in their cooking.
Cautions: Although pine and pine needle oil is considered safe since it is non-toxic and non-irritant it should still be used with care on the skin since it can cause irritation in high dosage and may sensitize the skin as well.